Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications

an article by Ferric C. Fanga, R. Grant Steenc, and Arturo Casadevalld published on Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

hereafter the closing remark of the comment on the NYT: "There are many theories for why retractions and fraud have increased. A benign view suggests that because journals are now published online and more accessible to a wider audience, it’s easier for experts to spot erroneous or fraudulent papers. A darker view suggests that publish-or-perish pressures in the race to be first with a finding and to place it in a prestigious journal has driven scientists to make sloppy mistakes or even falsify data. The solutions are not obvious, but clearly greater vigilance by reviewers and editors is needed."